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Prevalence rate of intimate partner violence by WHO region: an appraisal by current data






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Abstract

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health concern that annually affects 1 in 3 (35%) of women worldwide. The term “intimate partner violence” defines as physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse.


Women with the characteristics like: low level of education, history of abuse among parents, history of childhood, abuse, antisocial personality disorder, attitudes accepting violence and male privilege are more susceptible to IPV. Consequence of this violence, victims may experience some serious short- and long-term physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health problems such as injuries, chronic pain, gastrointestinal, and gynecological problems including sexually-transmitted diseases, depression, homicide or suicide, and post-traumatic stress disorders.

Dear Editor in Chief

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health concern that annually affects 1 in 3 (35%) of women worldwide. The term “intimate partner violence” defines as physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse 1 .

Women with the characteristics like: low level of education, history of abuse among parents, history of childhood, abuse, antisocial personality disorder, attitudes accepting violence and male privilege are more susceptible to IPV 2 . Consequence of this violence, victims may experience some serious short- and long-term physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health problems such as injuries, chronic pain, gastrointestinal, and gynecological problems including sexually-transmitted diseases, depression, homicide or suicide, and post-traumatic stress disorders 3 .

Figure 1 . Prevalence rate of intimate partner violence by WHO region in 2010.

According to CDC’s National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS), nearly 25% of adult females and 15% of adult males have experienced severe physical violence from an intimate partner in their lifetime. This survey showed that the prevalence of sexual contact violence among females and males were 16% and 7% respectively 4 . Prevalence rate of IPV by WHO region in 2010 are presented in Figure 1 , as shown the wide variability in levels of violence within and among regions the higher prevalence belong to south East Asia and east Mediterranean regions with 37.7% and 37% respectively, the rate of IPV in high income countries was much lower (23.2%) 5 . Evidence shows that advocacy and counseling interventions in high-income countries has improved access to services for survivors of IPV and subsequently reducing such violence 6 . It should be noted because of stigmatized and blamed due to received abuse in women; these statistics are prone to underestimation.

Based on the above, it is understood that risk of violence is greatest in low resource settings where the use of violence in many situations is a socially-accepted norm. Preventive strategies in these societies should focus on improving the status of women economically and socially as well as reducing norms of violence, poverty, and alcohol consumption 7 .

Competing Interests

The authors declare no conflict of interest in this study.

References

  1. Prevention Centers for Disease Control and. Preventing intimate partner violence 2017. . 2017;:. Google Scholar
  2. World-Health-Organization Violence against women: Key facts 2017. . 2017;:. Google Scholar
  3. Campbell J. C.. Health consequences of intimate partner violence. Lancet. 2002;359:1331-6. View Article Google Scholar
  4. Smith Sharon G, Basile Kathleen C, Gilbert Leah K, Merrick Melissa T, Patel Nimesh, Walling Margie, Jain Anurag. National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010-2012 state report. . 2017;:. Google Scholar
  5. Garcia-Moreno C., Pallitto C., Devries K., Stockl H., Watts C., Abrahams N.. Global and regional estimates of violence against women: prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence. . 2013;:. Google Scholar
  6. Vyas Seema, Watts Charlotte. How does economic empowerment affect women\'s risk of intimate partner violence in low and middle income countries? A systematic review of published evidence. Journal of International Development: The Journal of the Development Studies Association. 2009;21:577-602. Google Scholar
  7. Jewkes R.. Intimate partner violence: causes and prevention. Lancet. 2002;359:1423-9. View Article Google Scholar


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Article Details

Issue: Vol 4 No 1 (2018)
Page No.:
Published: Nov 18, 2018
Section: Letter to Editor
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15419/ajhs.v4i1.441

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Copyright: The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY 4.0., which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 How to Cite
Jenabi, E., & Khazaei, S. (2018). Prevalence rate of intimate partner violence by WHO region: an appraisal by current data. Asian Journal of Health Sciences, 4(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15419/ajhs.v4i1.441

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